Marcelo Bezerra Crivella was born in Rio de Janeiro and holds a degree in Civil Engineering. He was a university professor in Barra do Piraí and worked as a taxi driver for two years to fund his studies.
Crivella was a missionary in Africa for 10 years, where he lived with his family and obtained his Master’s Degree in Engineering from. Back in Brazil, he dedicated himself to the construction of Fazenda Nova Canaã, a project that offers 600 children full-time teaching, school transportation, meals and medical aid. The entire project was made with royalties from the sale of his books and CDs.
Crivella began his political career in 2002, when he was elected as a Senator. He authored the Constitutional amendment enabling physicians and nurses from the Armed Forces, Military Police and Fire Department to benefit from the Brazilian national health system. He is also guaranteed stability in employment for pregnant women and an additional risk of 30% for motoboys.
As Minister of Fisheries and Aquaculture, he launched the first Harvest Plan for Fisheries and Aquaculture to fund fishermen, a 4-billion-reais federal program.
Crivella was elected mayor of Rio de Janeiro in 2017.
A methodology developed in partnership with Institute Pereira Passos (IPP) and the Department of Social Assistance and Human Rights mapped the homeless population that sleeps on the streets of Rio. The study showed that there are now 5,000 people in this situation. The data will serve as a basis for actions to benefit the homeless citizens. Currently there are three programs aimed at the homeless population carried out by the City Hall:
– Emancipa Rio: those enrolled in the City’s network program will receive a monthly grant of about US$120 to help them leave public shelters and guarantee autonomy. It is paid through the social rent program and lready started in April 2018 with approx 350 people. The program lasts six months per individual initially, which can be extended to six more, depending on the monthly assessment made by social workers.
– Social Wage: Decree No. 44228 of January 31, 2018, instituted 5% of outsourced job vacancies in firms hired by the City Hall to homeless people.
– Social Independence: This programme offers courses to the homeless including training for civil construction servants, gardening, caregiving, basic food handling, beauty and aesthetics, self-care orientation, general services assistant, hotelier, English, IT and bartender.
The Social Territories Program seeks to reduce the degree of social vulnerability of families from 180 territories with a low Social Development Index (IDS).
The Pereira Passos Institute conducted research in 18,000 homes in the city, reaching 2,324 families in high vulnerability. They are now registered in programs of the Secretariats of Health, Education, Social Assistance, Urbanism, Development and Employment, in a task-force to reduce the effects of poverty.
The Municipal Department of Culture has participated in this working group since the beginning of 2017, with the launch of the Art School Award – Social Territories as an offshoot. The program selected and awarded 62 cultural workshops of artists and technicians that will be held in the Municipal Schools of the territories with the lowest IDS of the City of Rio de Janeiro.
The Workshop for Employment (OPE) offers vocational courses for those with fewer financial resources. In the pioneering group, 69 professionals in four segments of the fashion market were formed in March 2018, after three months of classes including cool hunting (market research and target audience); slow fashion (artistic transformation of parts and accessories); fashion designer and fashion buyer (planning of processes of purchase and negotiation with suppliers).